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Abstract

Background/Purpose: It is well known that healthy lifestyle habits can influence chronic disease risk and outcomes. The effective practice of Lifestyle Medicine (LM), however, goes beyond general recommendations and has been encapsulated in well-defined clinical competencies. While it has been documented that graduating medical students feel inadequately prepared to counsel patients in nutrition and exercise, the purpose of this study is to explore the perceptions and experiences of Lifestyle Medicine in a group of interdisciplinary healthcare trainees. Methods: A pilot survey of trainees at the 2015 Annual American College of Lifestyle Medicine (ACLM) Conference assessed perspectives on the inclusion of nutrition and exercise in their educational curricula, knowledge of core LM competencies and personal health habits. Results: Of the 37 trainees registered, 22 surveys were completed. Twenty-six percent indicated they were exposed to courses in exercise; sixty-five percent reported having a nutrition block and fifty percent received instruction on counseling about LM behaviors. Relative importance using Likert scale (1-not important, 5-very important) ascribed similar levels of importance to exercise (4.44), nutrition (4.31), and behavioral counseling (4.58) training. Ninety-five percent reported personal engagement in physical activity, however only forty-two percent were familiar with the Lifestyle Medicine core competencies. Ninety-four percent indicated that the current medical model was insufficient in educating trainees to address lifestyle related diseases. Conclusion: In a select multidisciplinary sample of trainees, there is recognition of the importance of Lifestyle Medicine training. Although trainees surveyed practice healthful behaviors, the majority were not familiar with core Lifestyle Medicine competences and express strong interest in increased Lifestyle Medicine in their training experience.

Author Bio(s)

Camille A Clarke, MD Currently works an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Loma Linda University in the Departments of Preventive and Internal Medicine. She was a 2015 graduate of Cambridge Health Alliance-Harvard Internal Medicine-Primary Care Residency Program.

Jonathan Bonnet, MD Currently a Teaching Assistant at the Harvard University Extension School. He Graduated from the Sports Medicine Fellowship at the University of Florida and the Family Medicine Residency at Duke University.

Marsha Gail Davis MD Is a resident in the Primary Care Internal Medicine Program Candidate at Yale University. She is a graduate of the University of California San Diego School of Medicine.

Elizabeth P. Frates, MD Currently a part-time Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School. Also serves as the director of Wellness Programming at the Stroke Institute for Research and Recovery in Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital.

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