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Abstract

Occupational therapists need to efficiently and accurately screen a client’s medication management capacity, especially for clients post-stroke. Most therapists are not aware of, nor do they utilize specific assessments for, medication management capacity. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the results of the ManageMed Screen (MMS), the Screening for Self-Medication Safety Post Stroke (S5), and the Montreal Assessment of Cognition (MoCA) on a population of rehabilitation clients post-stroke to determine the usefulness of the medication assessment tools in clinical practice. These screens were designed for use in occupational therapy practice among other healthcare professions: the MMS was validated for the general adult population, the S5 for clients post-stroke, and the MoCA is a cognitive screen used with adult clients with a variety of diagnoses including stroke. The MoCA was used to explore the potential relationship between cognition and medication management capacity. Study participants included five clients post-stroke and three occupational therapists. Clients were screened by the occupational therapists with the MMS, S5, and MoCA, and clinicians also participated in a focus group to assess their perceived usefulness of the screens. Results demonstrated that the MMS score compared to the S5 score was not statistically significant (r=.671, p=.215). There is no established consistency between the MoCA and MMS given these five clients. The MMS score was correlated to the MoCA score and was not found to be significant at a value of .205 with p=.741. The S5 score was also correlated to the MoCA score using SPSS and was found to have a non-significant value of -.287 and p=.640. Additionally, through a focus group, clinicians deemed both the MMS and S5 as useful, but felt the MMS was a more useful screen for their clinical practice with regard to efficient and practical use with clients post-stroke in a rehabilitation setting.

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