Title

Predictability of clinical assessments for driving performance

ISBN or ISSN

0022-4375

Publication Title

Journal of safety research

Volume

39

Issue

1

Publication Date / Copyright Date

1-1-2008

First Page

1

Last Page

7

Peer Reviewed

1

DOI Number

10.1016/j.jsr.2007.10.004

Abstract

PROBLEM: As the number of older drivers grows, it is increasingly important to accurately identify at-risk drivers. This study tested clinical assessments predictive of real-time driving performance.

METHOD: Selected assessment tools considered important in the identification of at-risk older drivers represented the domains of vision, cognition, motor performance, and driving knowledge. Participants were administered the battery of assessments followed by an on-road test. A univariate analysis was conducted to identify significant factors (

RESULTS: Assessments identified as independently associated with driving performance in the regression model included: FACTTM Contrast sensitivity slide-B, Rapid Pace Walk, UFOV rating, and MMSE total score.

DISCUSSION: The domains of vision, cognitive, and motor performance were represented in the predictive model.

SUMMARY: Due to the dynamic nature of the driving task, it is not likely that a single assessment tool will identify at risk drivers.

IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: By standardizing the selection of clinical assessments used in driving evaluations, practitioners should be able to provide services more efficiently, more objectively, and more accurately to identify at-risk drivers.

Disciplines

Occupational Therapy

Keywords

Age Factors, Aged, Automobile Driving, Automobiles, Cognition, Female, Florida, Humans, Knowledge, Male, Models, Statistical, Predictive Value of Tests, Psychological Tests, Psychometrics, Psychomotor Performance, Risk Assessment, Vision Disorders, Vision Tests, Vision, Ocular

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