College of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Articles

Title

Cardiac anxiety in people with and without coronary atherosclerosis

ISBN or ISSN

1091-4269

Publication Title

Depression and Anxiety

Volume

25

Issue

10

Publication Date / Copyright Date

6-27-2007

First Page

824

Last Page

831

DOI Number

10.1002/da.20348

Abstract

Many studies have shown that cardiac anxiety when occurring in the absence of coronary artery disease is common and quite costly. The Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ) is an 18-item self-report measure that assesses anxiety related to cardiac symptoms. To better understand the construct of cardiac anxiety, a factor analysis was conducted on CAQ data from 658 individuals who were self or physician-referred for electron beam tomographic screening to determine whether clinically significant coronary atherosclerosis was present. A four-factor solution was judged to provide the best fit with the results reflecting the following factor composition: heart-focused attention, avoidance of activities that bring on symptoms, worry or fear regarding symptoms, and reassurance-seeking. Factorial invariance across groups was also assessed to determine whether the factor structure of the CAQ was similar in individuals with and without clear evidence of coronary atherosclerosis. The factor structure of the CAQ did not differ between the two groups. However, the group without coronary atherosclerosis had significantly higher mean scores on their attention and worry/fear factors suggesting that people without a diagnosed cardiac condition pay more attention to and worry more about their cardiac-related symptoms than those people who have coronary atherosclerosis.

Disciplines

Medical Specialties | Medicine and Health Sciences

Keywords

anxiety sensitivity, cardiac, anxiety, confirmatory factor analysis, factorial invariance, configural invariance, metric invariance

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