Distance education and online instruction: Profession or field?
Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Mediated Communication, Cooperative Learning, Definitions, Distance Education, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Individualized Instruction, Nontraditional Education, Online Systems, Researchers
Quarterly Review of Distance Education
Finn (1953) implied research and practice could not be conducted effectively without clear terminology. Keegan's (1986) work became the foundation for more modern definitions, including one espoused by this journal, "institutionally-based, formal education, where the learning group is separated and where interactive technologies are used to unite the group," one that has come under attack by vendors of online learning materials.
Simonson, Michael, "Distance education and online instruction: Profession or field?" (2001). Fischler College of Education: Faculty Articles. 133.