College of Psychology Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award

1974

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

College of Psychology

First Advisor

John M. Flynn

Second Advisor

Abraham S. Fischler

Third Advisor

Edward Simco

Fourth Advisor

Von Del Chamberlain

Abstract

This study investigated three methods of teaching constellation recognition to different age groups. The treatments were: (1) teaching constellations in the classroom by means of 35mm slides of hand drawn constellation star fields, (2) teaching constellations in the planetarium by means of 35mm slides of hand drawn constellation star fields, and (3) teaching constellations by means of a planetarium sky, and the Ss represented three age categories: children, teenagers, and adults. The total number of Ss completing the study was 103. The results of the analysis indicated: (1) regardless of treatment all age groups performed approximately the same when evaluated under the real sky, (2) when evaluated by a paper and pencil instrument those Ss who were instructed under the planetarium sky scored significantly I lower than those receiving a treatment involving slides, and (3) the ~s receiving the slide treatment in the ' planetarium reported more positive responses to "the study of constellations than did the Ss receiving the other treatments.

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