College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Alcohol Treatment Outcome Evaluation Methodology: State of the Art 1980-1984

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1987

Keywords

Alcoholism, Follow-Up Studies, Research Design, Temperance

Publication Title

Addictive Behaviors

ISSN

0306-4603

Volume

12

Issue/No.

2

Peer Reviewed

1

Abstract

The methodology of alcohol treatment outcome studies published during two sequential intervals from 1976 through mid-1984 is critically reviewed. Although considerable methodological improvements have occurred over time, major methodological deficiencies continue to characterize much of the literature, with inadequate reporting of subjects' pretreatment characteristics (e.g., severity of dependence) being the most striking problem. Pervasive differences across studies regarding the types of data gathered and the ways in which findings are reported seriously impede attempts to compare studies and weaken the types of conclusions that can be drawn about treatment efficacy in general. It is suggested that journal editors establish standards of reporting for follow-up studies.

Comments

The research on which this article is based was supported by a research contract awarded to the Addiction Research Foundation by the Department of National Defence, Canada. The opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Addiction Research Foundation or the Department of National Defence.

DOI

10.1016/0306-4603(87)90018-9