College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

The Role of Reinforcement in Reactive Self-Monitoring

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1986

Publication Title

Applied Research in Mental Retardation

ISSN

0270-3092

Volume

7

Issue/No.

3

Abstract

The role of reinforcement in reactive self-monitoring was investigated. Subjects for this study were three mentally retarded adults employed in a sheltered workshop. Changes in productivity rates in a party hat assembly task across experimental conditions (reinforcements, self-monitoring, and self-monitoring plus reinforcement) were evaluated. Findings showed that while reinforcement alone increased productivity, it was to a lesser degree and with less consistency than when combined with self-monitoring. In addition, self-monitoring alone did not increase productivity. These results support the Rachlin and Nelson and Hayes hypotheses that reactive effects of self-monitoring are dependent upon environmental contingencies. The results also showed that self-monitoring increases the salience of reinforcement.

DOI

10.1016/S0270-3092(86)80004-2