The Role of Reinforcement in Reactive Self-Monitoring
Applied Research in Mental Retardation
The role of reinforcement in reactive self-monitoring was investigated. Subjects for this study were three mentally retarded adults employed in a sheltered workshop. Changes in productivity rates in a party hat assembly task across experimental conditions (reinforcements, self-monitoring, and self-monitoring plus reinforcement) were evaluated. Findings showed that while reinforcement alone increased productivity, it was to a lesser degree and with less consistency than when combined with self-monitoring. In addition, self-monitoring alone did not increase productivity. These results support the Rachlin and Nelson and Hayes hypotheses that reactive effects of self-monitoring are dependent upon environmental contingencies. The results also showed that self-monitoring increases the salience of reinforcement.
Mace, F. C.,
Shapiro, E. S.,
West, B. J.,
(1986). The Role of Reinforcement in Reactive Self-Monitoring. Applied Research in Mental Retardation, 7(3), 315-327.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/773