College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Using One Question to Identify Women at Risk for an Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2010

Keywords

Adolescent, Alcohol Drinking, Alcoholism, Florida, Health Status Indicators, Health Surveys, Maternal Exposure, Prenatal Care, Questionnaires, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Young Adult.

Publication Title

Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

ISSN

0098-6151

Volume

110

Issue/No.

7

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Consumption of 8 alcoholic drinks per week or 5 alcoholic drinks on one occasion by a pregnant woman can affect the developing fetus. However, it can be difficult to determine which patients are at risk.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate how well the answer to a single question about binge drinking could help identify women at risk of an alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP).

METHODS:

Using data from a study of methods to prevent AEPs, the authors compared the efficacy of self-reported answers to a screening question about binge drinking (5 or more standard drinks on one occasion) within the past 90 days with answers to a question about drinking quantity (weekly consumption of 8 or more standard drinks) within the past 90 days.

RESULTS:

The participants were 354 women of childbearing age who met screening criteria for being at risk of an AEP. The binge question was answered positively by 346 women (97.7%) at risk, while only 209 women (59.0%) reported that they drank 8 or more drinks in a week.

CONCLUSION:

A single question about binge drinking can effectively and quickly identify the majority of women at risk of an AEP.

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