A Graduated Guidance Procedure for Teaching Self-Dressing Skills to Multihandicapped Children
Behavior Therapy, Disabled Persons, Follow-Up Studies
Research in Developmental Disabilities
The effectiveness of a graduated guidance procedure for increasing independence in dressing was examined in a multiple baseline analysis across behaviors. Two multihandicapped children were trained to dress in socks, pants, and shirt. In training sessions, subjects completed the entire sequence of steps involved in putting on the training garment on each trial. Trainer assistance was provided as necessary, but was faded systematically according to a hierarchy of intrusiveness. Positive reinforcement was delivered contingent on dressing with increased independence. Assessment of independent responses followed each training session. Dependent measures were derived from a task analysis of each dressing behavior. Results showed that both children learned dressing skills, although rates of acquisition varied considerably. Generalization of treatment effects to similar garments was observed; maintenance of skills was evident at follow-up probes conducted at 36 weeks for one child and 18 weeks for the other.
Sisson, L. A.,
Kilwein, M. L.,
Van Hasselt, V. B.
(1988). A Graduated Guidance Procedure for Teaching Self-Dressing Skills to Multihandicapped Children. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 9(4), 419-432.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/717