College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Alcohol and Drug Abusers' Perceived Reasons for Self-Change in Canada and Switzerland: Computer-Assisted Content Analysis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2001

Keywords

Cross-Cultural, Natural Recovery, Self-Change, Alcohol Abusers, Drug Abusers

Publication Title

Substance Use and Misuse

ISSN

1082-6084

Volume

36

Issue/No.

11

Peer Reviewed

1

Abstract

Although many people recover from substance-use associated problems on their own, little is known about this phenomenon. The paper had two objectives: to use a new research method, computer-assisted content analysis, to understand alcohol and drug abusers' perceived reasons for self-change and to undertake a comparative evaluation across substances and cultures to validate previous findings about subjective appraisal processes. Three studies of natural recoveries of alcohol and drug abusers in two countries conducted tape-recorded interviews with 216 respondents. The taped responses were coded based on a content analytic dictionary approach using a computerized content analysis program. All three studies found several processes mediating the decision to change substance use. The computer content analysis confirmed a cognitive appraisal process regardless of the cultural setting or substance. The findings suggest that several procedures might have benefit in clinical interventions.

DOI

10.1081/JA-100106960