Alcohol and Drug Abusers' Perceived Reasons for Self-Change in Canada and Switzerland: Computer-Assisted Content Analysis
Cross-Cultural, Natural Recovery, Self-Change, Alcohol Abusers, Drug Abusers
Substance Use and Misuse
Although many people recover from substance-use associated problems on their own, little is known about this phenomenon. The paper had two objectives: to use a new research method, computer-assisted content analysis, to understand alcohol and drug abusers' perceived reasons for self-change and to undertake a comparative evaluation across substances and cultures to validate previous findings about subjective appraisal processes. Three studies of natural recoveries of alcohol and drug abusers in two countries conducted tape-recorded interviews with 216 respondents. The taped responses were coded based on a content analytic dictionary approach using a computerized content analysis program. All three studies found several processes mediating the decision to change substance use. The computer content analysis confirmed a cognitive appraisal process regardless of the cultural setting or substance. The findings suggest that several procedures might have benefit in clinical interventions.
Sobell, L. C.,
Klingemann, H. K.,
Sobell, M. B.,
Leo, G. I.
(2001). Alcohol and Drug Abusers' Perceived Reasons for Self-Change in Canada and Switzerland: Computer-Assisted Content Analysis. Substance Use and Misuse, 36(11), 1467-1500.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/601