Effects of Experimenter Surveillance on Reactive Self-Monitoring
Research in Developmental Disabilities
Two women with mild and moderate mental retardation self-monitored their work productivity with and without experimenter surveillance. For both subjects, reactive effects of self-monitoring were found without surveillance. However, reactivity was much greater when an observer was present while subjects’ self- monitored their work output. Reactive effects for one subject did not occur until she experienced surveillance in a previous experimental phase, suggesting that the history of surveillance established the reactivity of self-monitoring. Surveillance is viewed as a setting event that may be an important variable in achieving and maintaining benefits of self-management programs for persons with developmental disabilities.
Mace, F. C.,
Browder, D. M.
(1989). Effects of Experimenter Surveillance on Reactive Self-Monitoring. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 10(2), 171-182.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/554