College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Some Evidence for Multidimensional Biculturalism: Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Measurement Invariance Analysis on the Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire-Short Version.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2009

Keywords

Acculturation, Adolescent, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Cross-Sectional Studies, Cultural Diversity, Culture, Statistical Factor Analysis, Florida, Hispanic Americans, Legal Guardians, Language, Questionnaires

Publication Title

Psychological Assessment

ISSN

1040-3590

Volume

21

Issue/No.

1

Abstract

In the present study, the authors empirically investigated a multidimensional conceptualization of acculturation using the Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire-Short Version (BIQ-S; J. Szapocznik, W. M. Kurtines, & T. Fernandez, 1980). Baseline data from four prevention trials, representing a total of 893 adolescent and 880 guardian participants of Hispanic descent, were used to examine the factor structure of BIQ-S scores. Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a four-factor solution. The factors were labeled as follows: (a) Comfort With Use of Spanish Language, (b) Comfort With Use of English Language, (c) Enjoyment of Hispanic Cultural Activities, and (d) Enjoyment of American Cultural Activities. The findings support an expansion of the theoretical conceptualization of biculturalism and suggest that within both the heritage and the receiving cultures, comfort with language and enjoyment of other cultural components represent different factors. Measurement invariance analyses revealed stability of the factor structure, as well as some measurement differences, between adolescents and their guardians.

DOI

10.1037/a0014495