Identifying Subtypes of Women Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse: An MMPI-2 Cluster Analysis
Child Sexual Abuse, Child Abuse, MMPI-2, Cluster Analysis
Journal of Traumatic Stress
This paper investigated subtypes of women childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors through a cluster analysis of their Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) clinical and validity scales. Participants were 117 women in outpatient treatment for CSA aftereffects at a university-affiliated community mental health center. Three well-fitting MMPI-2 cluster solutions were evaluated with discriminant analyses and MANOVAs; a 5-cluster solution was deemed optimal. Follow-up analyses demonstrated significant between-cluster differences on the Impact of Event Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Dissociative Experiences Scale, and nearly all Symptom Checklist-90-Revised subscales. No differences emerged when comparing clusters on the Family Environment Scale and their CSA characteristics. Implications were considered for research and clinical practice, using the MMPI-2 with CSA survivors.
Elhai, J. D.,
Klotz Flitter, J. M.,
Gold, S. N.,
Sellers, A. H.
(2001). Identifying Subtypes of Women Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse: An MMPI-2 Cluster Analysis. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 14(1), 157-175.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/495