College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Lao Depression Inventory.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 1989

Keywords

Depressive Disorder, Laos, Nebraska, Personality Inventory, Psychometrics, Refugees.

Publication Title

Journal of Personality Assessment

ISSN

0022-3891

Volume

53

Issue/No.

1

Abstract

There are no measurement tools that accurately measure depression among Lao refugees. The overall purpose of this research was to complete the development and validation procedures for the Lao Depression Inventory (LDI). The study consisted of 216 Ethnic Lao refugees. A clinical interview and 164 true/false questions were administered to identify specific items which could identify depression among the Ethnic Lao people. All items were administered in both English and Lao. Overall, 78 of the 164 items differentiated groups of depressed and nondepressed Lao at the .01 level. Results of validation procedures showed that a 30-item scale had an accuracy rate of 89% in identifying the presence of depression in the validation group; the hit-rate for the same items and cutoff was 92% in the cross-validation group. Potential uses of the scale are discussed.

DOI

10.1207/s15327752jpa5301_16