College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Preliminary Comparison of Two Negative Reinforcement Schedules to Reduce Self-Injury

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Winter 1995

Keywords

Negative Reinforcement; Differential Negative Reinforcement; Self-Injury; Escape-Maintained Behavior

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

ISSN

0021-8855

Volume

28

Issue/No.

4

Abstract

This study compared the effectiveness of differential negative reinforcement of other behavior (DNRO) and alternative behavior (DNRA) for reducing self-injurious tantrums maintained by escape from demands in a 4-year-old girl with severe retardation. Both DNRA and DNRO reduced self-injury and increased independent performance of two tasks (tooth brushing and bathing); however, improvement on both measures was greater with the DNRA intervention.

DOI

10.1901/jaba.1995.28-579