Preliminary Comparison of Two Negative Reinforcement Schedules to Reduce Self-Injury
Negative Reinforcement; Differential Negative Reinforcement; Self-Injury; Escape-Maintained Behavior
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
This study compared the effectiveness of differential negative reinforcement of other behavior (DNRO) and alternative behavior (DNRA) for reducing self-injurious tantrums maintained by escape from demands in a 4-year-old girl with severe retardation. Both DNRA and DNRO reduced self-injury and increased independent performance of two tasks (tooth brushing and bathing); however, improvement on both measures was greater with the DNRA intervention.
Mace, F. C.,
Daggett, J. A.
(1995). Preliminary Comparison of Two Negative Reinforcement Schedules to Reduce Self-Injury. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 28(4), 579-580.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/381