Behavioral Momentum in the Treatment of Escape-Motivated Stereotypy
Behavioral Momentum; Functional Analysis; Basic Research; Stereotyped Behavior; Response Co-variation
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Descriptive and experimental analyses of stereotypy by a woman with severe mental retardation showed that the behavior was maintained by escape from demands. A sequence of high-probability requests issued immediately prior to a task-related request established a momentum of compliance that increased compliance with task-related demands. Increases in compliance were accompanied by collateral reductions in stereotypic behavior. A mechanism of response co-variation, called functional incompatibility, and an animal analogue study for testing the validity of this mechanism are proposed.
Mace, F. C.,
(1990). Behavioral Momentum in the Treatment of Escape-Motivated Stereotypy. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 23(4), 507-514.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/363