College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Alcoholism and Brain Damage: An Investigation Using the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1980

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Alcoholism, Chronic Brain Damage, Ethanol, Mental Processes, Middle Aged, Psychological Tests.

Publication Title

International Journal of Neuroscience

ISSN

0020-7454

Volume

10

Issue/No.

2-3

Peer Reviewed

1

Abstract

Numerous neuropsychological tests have been used to assess the effects of chronic alcohol use on the brain. Recently, the introduction of the Standardized Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery has presented a fresh way of evaluating disorders due to brain dysfunction. The present paper is an investigation of deficits in alcoholics on the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. It was found that alcoholics differed from age--and education--matched controls on six of the fourteen scales of the test: Visual, Receptive Language, Arithmetic, Memory, Intelligence, and the Pathognomonic scale. An investigation of the individual items which differentiated alcoholics and controls found evidence that the effects of alcoholism are primarily seen in the more complex association areas of the brain, consistent with the conclusions reached by Gudeman and his associates. The implication and limitations of the present results were also discussed.

DOI

10.3109/00207458009160488