College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Analytic Approaches for Assessing Long-Term Treatment Effects: Examples of Empirical Applications and Findings

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2001

Publication Title

Evaluation Research

ISSN

0193-841X

Volume

25

Issue/No.

2

Peer Reviewed

1

Abstract

Analytic approaches, including the structural equation model (autoregressive panel model), hierarchical linear model, latent growth curve model, survival/event history analysis, latent transition model, and time-series analysis (interrupted time series, multivariate time-series analysis) are discussed for their applicability to data of different structures and their utility in evaluating temporal effects of treatment. Methods are illustrated by presenting applications of the various approaches in previous studies examining temporal patterns of treatment effects. Recent advancements in these longitudinal modeling approaches and the accompanying computer software development offer tremendous flexibility in examining long-term treatment effects through longitudinal data with varying numbers and intervals of assessment and types of measures. A multimethod assessment will contribute to a more complete understanding of the complex phenomena of the long-term courses of substance use and its treatment.

DOI

10.1177/0193841X0102500206