College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Associations between Impulsivity and High Risk Sexual Behaviors in Dually Diagnosed Outpatients.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2009

Keywords

Community Mental Health Centers, Dual Diagnosis, Impulsive Behavior, Neuropsychological Tests, Outpatients, Patient Selection, Questionnaires, Risk-Taking, Sexual Behavior, Substance-Related Disorders

Publication Title

American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

ISSN

0095-2990

Volume

35

Issue/No.

5

Abstract

Background/Objectives: It is unknown whether impulsivity is associated with risky sexual behavior in dually diagnosed clients.

Methods: Impulsivity in 51 sexually-active, dually diagnosed clients was assessed by the Barrett Impulsivity Scale, Delayed Discounting Questionnaire, and Wisconsin Card-Sorting Task, and a path analysis of relationship to self-reported risk behaviors was conducted.

Results: Recent cocaine use was correlated with risky sexual behaviors and a preference for immediate over larger, delayed rewards trended towards a correlation.

Conclusion And Scientific Significance: The association between impulsivity and risky sexual behavior among substance users appears to extend to the dually diagnosed. Implications for HIV prevention are discussed.

DOI

10.1080/00952990903075034