College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Differences Among Substance Abusers in Spain who Recovered with Treatment or on their Own

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-2008

Keywords

adaptation, prognosis, psychiatric status rating scales, regression analysis, self care, substance-related disorders

Publication Title

Addictive Behaviors

ISSN

0306-4603

Volume

33

Issue/No.

1

Abstract

This exploratory study compared the differences among substance abusers in Spain who recovered with treatment or on their own. Advertisements were used to recruit 58 individuals (29 self-changers and 29 treatment-changers) who had had problems with alcohol or drugs, and who had been recovered for at least one year. The groups differed significantly in severity of dependence, psychiatric treatment prior to recovery, and coping strategies to maintain recovery. Consistent with previous studies, those who had recovered through treatment had a more serious substance use history than those who changed on their own. In addition, social support was associated with maintenance of change for both groups. These findings parallel those for English-speaking populations.

DOI

10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.07.013