Biology Faculty Articles

Title

Resolution of Recent Radiations Within Three Evolutionary Lineages of Felidae using Mitochondrial Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Variation

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1996

Publication Title

Journal of Mammalian Evolution

Keywords

Felidae, Mitochondrial DNA, Phylogenetic reconstruction, Restriction fragment length polymorphism

ISSN

1064-7554

Volume

3

Issue/No.

2

First Page

97

Last Page

120

Abstract

Patterns of mitochondrial restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) variation were used to resolve more recent relationships among the species of the Felidae ocelot lineage, domestic cat lineage, and pantherine lineage. Twenty-five of 28 restriction enzymes revealed site variation in at least 1 of 21 cat species. The ocelot lineage was resolved into three separate sistertaxa groups: Geoffroy's cat (Oncifelis geoffroyi) and kodkod (O. guigna), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) and margay (L. wiedii), and pampas cat (Lynchailurus colocolo) and most of the tigrina samples (Leopardus tigrina). Within the domestic cat lineage, domestic cat (Felis catus), European wild cat (F. silvestris), and African wild cat (F. libyca) formed a monophyletic trichotomy, which was joined with sand cat (F. margarita) to a common ancestor. Jungle cat (F. chaus) and black-footed cat (F. nigripes) mtDNAs diverged earlier than those of the other domestic cat lineage species and are less closely related. Within the pantherine lineage, phylogenetic analysis identified two distinct groups, uniting lion (P. leo) with leopard (P. pardus) and tiger (P. tigris) with snow leopard (P. uncia).

Comments

©1996 Plenum Publishing Corporation

ORCID ID

0000-0001-7353-8301

ResearcherID

N-1726-2015

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