Biology Faculty Articles

Title

Phylogenetics, Genome Diversity and Origin of Modern Leopard, Panthera pardus

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-2001

Publication Title

Molecular Ecology

Keywords

Evolution, Microsatellites, Mitochondrial DNA, Panthera pardus, Subspecies

ISSN

0962-1083

Volume

10

Issue/No.

11

First Page

2617

Last Page

2633

Abstract

Leopards, Panthera pardus, are widely distributed across southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The extent and phylogeographic patterns of molecular genetic diversity were addressed in a survey of 77 leopards from known geographical locales representing 13 of the 27 classical trinomial subspecies. Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences (727 bp of NADH5 and control region) and 25 polymorphic microsatellite loci revealed abundant diversity that could be partitioned into a minimum of nine discrete populations, tentatively named here as revised subspecies: P. parduspardus,P. p. nimr, P. p. saxicolor, P. p. fusca, P. p. kotiya, P. p. delacouri, P. p. japonensis,P. p. orientalis and P. p. melas. However, because of limited sampling of African populations, this may be an underestimate of modern phylogeographic population structure. Combined phylogeographic and population diversity estimates support an origin for modern leopard lineages 470 000–825 000 years ago in Africa followed by their migration into and across Asia more recently (170 000–300 000 years ago). Recent demographic reductions likely have led to genetic impoverishment in P. p. orientalis and in the island subspecies P. p. kotiya.

Comments

©2001 Blackwell Science Ltd

ORCID ID

0000-0001-7353-8301

ResearcherID

N-1726-2015

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