Biology Faculty Articles

Title

A Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-Inducible Promoter Variant of Interferon-γ Accelerates CD4+ T Cell Depletion in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1-Infected Individuals

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-15-2003

Publication Title

Journal of Infectious Diseases

ISSN

0022-1899

Volume

188

Issue/No.

2

First Page

228

Last Page

231

Abstract

A polymorphism,—179G/T, in the promoter of the interferon (IFN)-γ gene (IFNG) confers differential tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inducibility to the IFNG =romoter. The rarer allele, −179T, but not −179G, is inducible by TNF-α.We investigated the effects of IFNG −179G/T on AIDS pathogenesis. In 298 African American human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 seroconverters, the IFNG −179G/T genotype was associated with accelerated progression to CD4<200 and AIDS-1993, a finding suggesting that IFNG −179T is a risk factor for AIDS progression, as measured by CD4 cell count. It is possible that increased IFN-γ production induced by TNF-α when −179T is present causes CD4 cell depletion by apoptosis.

Comments

©2003 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America

ORCID ID

0000-0001-7353-8301

ResearcherID

N-1726-2015

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