Biology Faculty Articles

Title

Engineering Microbial Systems to Explore Ecological and Evolutionary Dynamics

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-2012

Publication Title

Current Opinion in Biotechnology

ISSN

0958-1669

Volume

23

Issue/No.

5

First Page

791

Last Page

797

Abstract

A major goal of biological research is to provide a mechanistic understanding of diverse biological processes. To this end, synthetic biology offers a powerful approach, whereby biological questions can be addressed in a well-defined framework. By constructing simple gene circuits, such studies have generated new insights into the design principles of gene regulatory networks. Recently, this strategy has been applied to analyze ecological and evolutionary questions, where population-level interactions are critical. Here, we highlight recent development of such systems and discuss how they were used to address problems in ecology and evolutionary biology. As illustrated by these examples, synthetic ecosystems provide a unique platform to study ecological and evolutionary phenomena that are challenging to study in their natural contexts.

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